How to Use PV Optimisers Effectively

Author:BLD Solar Energy SystemFROM:Solar System Converter Manufacturer TIME:2023-08-29


The photovoltaic (PV) industry has seen significant growth in recent years, driven by the increasing demand for renewable energy sources. PV optimisers have emerged as a crucial component in maximizing the efficiency of solar power generation. By improving the performance of individual panels, PV optimisers help overcome shading and mismatch issues, resulting in higher energy yields and improved system reliability. This article aims to provide insights into how to effectively use PV optimisers to optimize the performance of solar photovoltaic systems.

1. Understanding PV Optimisers


PV optimisers are electronic devices that are installed on each solar panel in a PV system. They work by individually controlling the voltage and current of each panel, ensuring that all modules operate at their maximum power point (MPP). By decoupling each panel from the string, PV optimisers minimize the impact of shading or soiling on system performance. Additionally, they mitigate the mismatch caused by variations in panel characteristics, such as degradation over time or manufacturing tolerances.

2. Proper Placement and Sizing


The placement and sizing of PV optimisers play a vital role in maximizing their effectiveness. Firstly, it is crucial to install PV optimisers only on panels exposed to shading or soiling conditions. This strategic placement allows the optimisers to isolate and address the performance issues of the affected panels. Secondly, the number of optimisers should be determined based on the size of the PV system. A rule of thumb is to install one optimiser per every two panels, but this can vary depending on the specific requirements of the project. Oversizing or undersizing the number of optimisers can impact system performance, so careful consideration should be given to optimizing this aspect.

3. Monitoring and Maintenance


Regular monitoring and maintenance are essential to ensure the continued effectiveness of PV optimisers. Monitoring software allows system owners to track the individual performance of panels in real-time, ensuring that any issues, such as shading or underperforming modules, can be identified promptly. In addition, routine inspections should be conducted to check for any physical damage or loose connections that may affect optimiser performance. It is also important to keep the optimisers clean and free from debris to maintain their efficiency.


PV optimisers offer a valuable solution to enhance the performance and reliability of solar photovoltaic systems. By optimizing power generation at the panel level, they maximize energy yields and overcome issues like shading and mismatch. Understanding the role of PV optimisers, placing them correctly, and regularly monitoring and maintaining them are integral to their effective use. As the PV industry continues to evolve, employing PV optimisers effectively will contribute to the growth of renewable energy generation and the transition to a sustainable future.

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